Useful Tips

How can I put out a fire? How can I put out the fire?

Whether you went camping, cook something in the kitchen, or just do something of your own, knowing how to put out the fire properly will help you be prepared for any situation. You can safely enjoy a bonfire if you have the proper fire extinguishing techniques. We offer you to learn how to put out a fire, wildfire, fire in the kitchen and other types of fires, so that your family always remains safe. Go to the first paragraph for more information.

How to extinguish a fire

Whether you went camping, cook something in the kitchen, or just do something of your own, knowing how to put out the fire properly will help you be prepared for any situation. You can safely enjoy a bonfire if you have the proper fire extinguishing techniques. We offer you to learn how to put out a fire, wildfire, fire in the kitchen and other types of fires, so that your family always remains safe. Go to the first paragraph for more information.

Natural disaster scenario

Let us consider in more detail the phases of the fire. In the initial stage, the fire spreads to all possible space, flammable materials found in the flame zone flash. The speed of fire propagation, as well as its temperature, is still low. At the end of the first phase, the pillar of fire reaches its maximum height and can spread to neighboring buildings. Separate centers of the fire merge together.

In the second stage, all or almost all combustible substances are destroyed and the supporting structures of buildings are destroyed. In the final, third phase, the remains of everything that is capable of burning are burned out, after which the building collapses. In terms of radiation intensity and fire temperature, the flame is weaker than in the middle of the fire.

How can I put out a fire in an open place

The tactics of extinguishing forest fires are different. It is possible to take a burning section into a ring with its gradual narrowing, annealing the oncoming strip. Sometimes mounds, trenches or canals with water are arranged. This option is most often used in situations of extensive peat fires, when protective channels are dug along the perimeter of the burning site.

If a fire occurred in an open space, but not in a forest, abundantly water the surrounding area, and the fire itself is brought down by improvised means, such as brooms.

If the fire has managed to spread over a vast territory, it will be eliminated by isolation or cooling of individual sections. For example, in the case of a forest fire - by the method of phased localization of areas of fire. If combustible containers are ignited, each of them must be isolated from the others.

Lit apartment or office

How can I put out a fire in an office or any public place? It is eliminated with the help of hydrants and fire extinguishers, which, according to fire safety standards, are required to be available in all office buildings. Also apply any bulk materials - earth, sand, etc.

Those inside the building at the time of the fire should remember that in the first phase of ignition, smoldering materials intensively emit invisible carbon monoxide, which is very dangerous. At this point, the risk of poisoning is great. You must have time to leave the building before the structure collapses.

How can I put out a fire in an apartment? If the fire is strong, it is better not to rely on your own strength, call firefighters and quickly leave the room. In a small fire, you can use some household products.

Curtains covered in flames should be quickly torn, trampled underfoot and thrown into a bath of water. If the fire is rapidly spreading in a certain direction, when extinguishing it is necessary to move towards it, and not after it - it is easier to deal with it. Thick smoke with a pungent odor, breaking out from under the door into a closed burning room, indicates a lack of oxygen emitted during combustion. Such a fire will soon go out without outside interference. It is required to plug the slots even more tightly with a wet cloth. Windows cannot be opened at the same time - oxygen will cause a new attack of fire.

About fire extinguishers and not only

Fire extinguishers are a classic fire fighting tool. Each of them is intended for a certain class of fire. Class A is designed to extinguish standard combustible materials - paper, wood, household waste. Class B - for liquids that are flammable (gasoline, paint, grease). Class C fire extinguishers eliminate fires caused by short circuits, and class D can handle flammable metals such as aluminum. In order not to aggravate the situation, one should clearly understand what cannot and can extinguish a fire of various types. It is advisable to always have a small fire extinguisher at home and keep it in a conspicuous place.

The simplest and most affordable means at hand is water. It acts quickly, it is easy to dial, it is effective in class A fires, when garbage, paper, cloth, wood or plastic burns. But it can in no case be used if spilled liquids are burning - the addition of water causes lubrication and intensifies the fire. If the wiring is shorted, wetting the fire can cause electric shock.

That is why it is important to know how to extinguish a fire when the wiring is on. In the event of a fire of a household appliance, it is necessary to immediately turn off the power supply, throw a thick blanket over the illuminated equipment, then pour foam from the fire extinguisher.

If the kitchen caught fire

How can I put out the fire that broke out in the kitchen? An affordable household fire extinguishing agent is ordinary baking soda, a packet of which is available in every home. It will help with a fire on the stove.

If food breaks out in a pan or pan, the lid from the same cookware with a heat-resistant handle is ideal for stewing. After quickly closing the lid on a lit container, stop the flow of oxygen to the flame. Salt will also help out when ignited on a stove or in the oven. Its chemical composition promotes heat dissipation and oxygen absorption.

How can I put out a fire if the house does not have a fire extinguisher? Any fabrics, blankets, curtains and towels will help bring down the flame and limit the access of oxygen. They are especially often used if clothes and hair on another person have caught fire. Dense tissue should be quickly wrapped around the victim or wrapped around the body.

If at hand there is soil without combustible organic materials, it can also be a good fire extinguishing agent. It is better to put out large fires with sand than with soil, as it is drier. But when extinguishing combustible metals, sand is not reliable enough.

Large containers with the most ordinary beer are also suitable, they will need to be shaken until foam is formed. In this way, you can put out a fire on the grill or a car engine that suddenly bursts out. Sometimes just a few cans are enough. In the general case, to extinguish a fire, especially a small one, any liquid containing a large amount of water — even urine — is suitable.