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Suddenly there will be such a situation that you have to run away from the bear, and you will not know how to do this? In this article you will find complete instructions on how to escape from bears, wolves and other forest inhabitants.
How to avoid meeting wild animals in the forest
Before describing the algorithm of actions when meeting a wild beast, I would like to say a few words that this rendezvous is best avoided if possible. Some tips that one experienced tourist gave us can help in this:
• When moving through the forest, avoid areas overgrown with tall grass and dense shrubs, these are the main places of the “daily” habitat of a wild beast. If you saw an animal from afar - in no case do not get close to it, do not make noise and carefully go around it, observing the greatest possible distance,
• Moving through the forest as a group, you need to make as many sounds as possible - shouting, singing and talking freely - a loud noise will make the beast bypass your company,
• Immediately leave the place where you found the cubs of animals, do not approach them and remember that their mother is somewhere nearby. To protect her offspring, she will attack without hesitation.
What if the wild animal nevertheless appeared on your way? There are several basic rules of behavior in this situation that you need to remember when going to the forest.
What to do when meeting a wild beast in the forest
The most common forest animals, the meeting with which can be fraught with unpleasant consequences, are a wolf, a wild boar and a bear. Consider what to do in a sudden collision with each of these representatives of the fauna.
1. If the beast suddenly appeared right in front of you, do not panic and do not run - the bear, despite the apparent slowness, is a very fast animal and it will not work to escape from it. Do not try to hide from it on a tree; an animal can easily climb there.
2. Try to stay calm and slowly step back without turning your back on the beast. Call for help with a loud cry, raise your hands, taking a jacket or sweater in them - this will increase your "size" and help scare away the beast.
1. When meeting this animal, do not try to run away from it, it is useless. Do not look into the eyes of the wolf and do not shout, he perceives this as a threat or challenge.
2. Carefully step back, facing the beast. Try to climb the nearest tree - this is the best way out when you meet a wolf, because he will not be able to get you there - and wait for the animal to go a sufficient distance.
3. If the beast does attack you, put your hand forward (it is advisable to wrap it with a jacket or sweater) so that the wolf clings to it, and strike it with your other hand in the nose or eyes - these are the most sensitive places on the body of the predator.
1. This is a very cautious animal, and when meeting a person, a wild boar tries to turn and hide in the thicket. The main danger may be a wounded beast or a female with cubs.
2. The wild boar is a very fast beast and it is difficult to escape from it. Climb onto a tree and scare it away by throwing branches or contents of pockets on top. The difference between a boar and a wolf is that it will not wait for you to guard you, but will leave almost immediately.
3. The beast is afraid of a sharp and loud scream, noise or whistle - such sounds cause him to panic and the boar runs away.
A few words in conclusion
So, we have listed the possible behaviors when meeting with the most dangerous wild animals that inhabit our forest. Remember:
• When meeting a wild beast, try not to lose your temper and do not panic. Animals feel very well the emotional state of a person,
• If the beast nevertheless attacked you, use any solid objects for defense: a knife, a stick, a stone, etc. If it knocks you to the ground - try to group yourself, protecting your internal organs as much as possible, and strike in the most vulnerable places on the animal’s body - eyes, throat and nose,
• When going to the forest, always bring along funds that can scare away the beast. It can be a simple whistle, a mosquito spray or a spray with pepper spray,
• Noisy or starting pistols are excellent protection against attacks by “forest dwellers”. An air gun can also help you out when meeting wild animals. Even if his charges do not inflict mortal wounds on the beast, they will be quite sensitive even taking into account the thick hide of the animal. The advantage of this weapon is that its purchase and carrying does not require a special permit, and the cost of such pistols is absolutely acceptable.
Summarizing this information, we can conclude - going to the forest, remember - this is a house for animals and you need to behave yourself there very carefully. And the last - when meeting with a wild predator, regardless of its size, appearance and behavior, you should know that it is a strong, powerful and formidable adversary, and its behavior is unpredictable. Only endurance and composure will help to withstand confrontation with him, and our advice will add to you self-confidence.
How to prevent danger
In order not to have to flee from wild boars, it is better to prevent danger and not to roam in the places where they are found. You can find out that these animals are found in this area of the forest by following the tracks: bifurcated sharp hooves. Forest litter in the halo of their habitat is streaked with short stripes about ten centimeters wide - the result of a search by wild boars for acorns and nuts. They love boar and swim after rain. A puddle whose bottom is hooved with hooves is another evidence that it is better to choose a different place for walking, searching for mushrooms and picking berries.
The adult boar is a huge, not too pleasant-smelling animal with long fangs. Another thing is the little curious striped boars. Guided by a thirst to explore the world around them, they themselves can go out to a person and, if people do not see them, to study supplies and equipment. No matter how cute the animals may seem to you, do not make contact with them, because their mother is nearby. Having noticed the cubs approaching you, it is better to immediately change direction.
How to escape from a wild boar
Contrary to his fierce appearance, the boar does not feel like killing any person he met on his way. When he sees people in the forest, he will most likely try to hide in the bushes and attack only if you head straight to the place where he is hiding. It is impossible to run away from an angry boar: an animal can even catch a cyclist. The surest chance to escape is to climb a tree. Wild boars can neither climb nor jump high. If possible, choose a sprawling tree on which you can comfortably settle down: an angry boar is able to watch his victim below for several hours. However, for lack of choice, grab onto any trunk and pull your legs closer to your chest: there is a chance that the boar will rush past. In the case when the animal, running by inertia further, has turned and is preparing for the second run, try to climb as smooth as possible along the smooth trunk as high as possible.
Scares away wild boars and noise. Seeing the boar in the distance, start to bawl songs, knock the lid on the pan, laugh out loud. In general, it is recommended to publish as many loud sounds as possible throughout the walk - the animals simply will not stick in your direction. But shooting a boar is not worth it if you are not confident in your abilities: a wounded boar is extremely aggressive. Better take a couple of warning shots in the air - this will cause the animal to retire.
Going to the forest
If you follow the safety rules, as well as be careful and observant, meeting with forest residents can be quite safe. When going to the forest, you need to take the necessary standard set: a folding knife, a charged phone, matches, a bottle of water, pepper spray.
It is better to go to the forest in the company of two or three people. If you are going to stay in the forest for the night, then be sure to decide who will be on duty and make sure that the fire does not go out. As a rule, at night any wild animal will be afraid of fire and will not come close to the parking lot. Along the perimeter of the tent camp, you can mark the territory with your own urine or pull a rope with something ringing, for example, tie bottles or cans. In order not to attract animals with smells, it is better to put leftover food in a tight bag.
Let us examine in more detail what kind of animals of the forest the majority of the inhabitants of our country can meet, and how to behave so that the animals do not show aggression.
Bears are extremely rare in the forests of the European part of our country because of their extermination. The largest populations live in the Leningrad and Novgorod regions, Bashkiria, Siberia, and the Far East. As a rule, they do not prey on humans, unlike wolves. In summer, bears are mainly provided with plant and animal feed, therefore, they are not dangerous for humans. The exception is the period from May to June - the time of active breeding of bears. In winter, these animals hibernate for 3-6 months.
Bear attacks on humans typically occur for two reasons.
1. The first - if you happen to woke the bear after hibernation. During this period, he will be especially hungry and aggressive.
2. The second possible reason for the bear’s attack is meeting a bear with cubs on your way.
Therefore, the best way to protect yourself from the bear is to try not to meet him.
How to prevent a meeting with a bear in the forest?
In the forest, it is important to be careful and careful, especially if the forest is in the habitat of bears. It is better to avoid the dense overgrown forest, as it reduces the likelihood of seeing the beast from afar and having time to go away from it. Most often, meetings with bears occur in places where there are many berries, or along the banks of the river.
As a rule, in places of food production, bears do not behave aggressively, but, on the contrary, when they smell a person or hear him, they will move away from him. Therefore, in order to avoid meeting a bear, behave loudly, talk, step on crackling branches, sing in the forest, whistle.
Particular attention should be paid to the bear trails. If in the spring you see a bear’s footprint in the snow, this may be evidence of its awakening from hibernation. You need to go around this place and go in the direction opposite to the direction of movement of the animal.
The proper disposal of garbage, especially food waste, is also a guarantee of the safe coexistence of humans and bears. By creating spontaneous landfills in the forest, directly next to the village or in the fields, we thereby attract wild animals closer to humans and form their lack of fear. Bears should not have associations between food and humans. For the same reason, if you stayed overnight in the forest, try to hide the leftover food as best as possible, put them in a tent, wrap them in several bags.
If you unexpectedly met a bear
If you notice a bear in the forest near you, you need to panic, as quietly as possible, to a safe distance.
If the bear noticed you, but it doesn’t run, you need to try to drive it away with a scream or a shot in the air. As a deterrent, suitable bullets and rocket launchers, which are sold in fishing stores. You can also spray pepper spray so that its pungent smell scares the bear away, or set fire to clothing you have taken off.
Do not quickly run away from the bear. It is necessary slowly, turning to face him, to depart. You can only run when you are so far away that the bear disappears from your field of vision.
There are situations in which you can see a teddy bear in the forest. You can’t try to touch it or take a picture, since the bear is likely to be somewhere nearby.
If the bear is 5-7 meters away from you, then most likely this will be followed by its attack. It is important to note that before the attack, the bear may not show any external signs of aggression. The video above is a witness to that. Conversely, if a bear stands on its hind legs, this may not mean that it wants to attack. Therefore, admiring the bears in the forest leads to tragic consequences.
What to do if a bear attacks you
The best way when the bear noticed you is to distract it. If there is a mountain or a hill somewhere nearby, this will help to win a few minutes in the battle with the bear. The fact is that because of the massive weight it will be difficult for him to see you on a hill.
If you have in your hands a basket with berries or a backpack, then you need to put it in front of you. Many stories indicate that in such cases people were saved by pretending to be dead. It is best to lie on the ground in an embryo pose, while protecting your head with your hands. You can use a dressed backpack as a shield.
Even if you feel that the bear has already lost interest in you, but is nearby, you should not move and get up.
If, nevertheless, the bear attacks, then you need to try to inflict strong blows on him with a knife, for example, in the eye, nose. You can throw any objects that you have into the bear, while trying to get into its sensitive face. It’s good if you have a pepper spray with you, which you can spray the bear directly into the eyes. At the same time, try not to look the bear in the eye. There is always a chance to survive the battle with the beast, but in the case of the bear it is small, because it is very strong and fast.
Since bears climb trees very well, especially young ones, do not try to hide from it in a tree. Big bears can tumble down a tree, and then your chance of survival will be even less. If you have already climbed a tree from a bear, then the only thing that can save you is to keep on thin high branches that will not allow the bear to hang.
Bears swim very well, so it’s unlikely to escape from it in the water.
Six subspecies of wolves live in Russia. In the European part of the Russian Federation, you can often find the gray wolf from fairy tales - the Central Russian wolf.
In southern Russia, in the steppes and in the Lower Volga region, a steppe wolf is found.
The lifestyle of a wolf is in many ways different from that of a wolf. Wolves, as a rule, move in packs of 5-11 wolves and track their prey for a long time. Often you may not even notice that wolves are hunting you. One huntsman described the case as he walked along an abandoned road in the forest. After 20 minutes, he decided to return back along the same road and noticed even traces of wolves on it. The tracks were laid literally a meter or two from his own. So he realized that he had almost become the prey of hunting wolves.
In summer, the flock can be temporarily divided into smaller ones. However, it is unlikely to meet them in the afternoon in the forest. They live in very dense spruce forests, thickets of reeds, overgrown ravines and swamps, where often people will not pass.
In winter, from January-February, the so-called rut begins for the wolves, that is, the wedding period, the most dangerous in terms of wolf aggressiveness. In winter, wolves hunt even in the afternoon.
And yet, recently, cases of wolf attacks on people in central Russia are extremely rare. Over the past 50 years, only eight wolf attacks on a fatal person have been recorded. Statistics note that more often wolves attack in Belarus, in second place are the Kirov and Irkutsk regions, the Republic of Karelia and Ukraine. Wolves will hunt humans only in the absence of food, or if they have bitten humans before. Such cases were recorded in the period after the Second World War, when there were many killed people in the forests. After that, wolves began to attack residents of nearby villages and cities more intensely. Also often attacked by wolves suffering from rabies. Most of these incidents occur in spring and autumn.
Signs of a rabid wolf
1. Often rabid wolves run alone, run out onto public roads, and enter villages and cities.
2. In a sick wolf, as a rule, dripping saliva, tightened tail, head lowered, eyes cloudy.